Burns are classified as follows, according to the severity of tissue damage:. All burns, even minor ones, may cause complications if not properly treated. Skin is the body's natural barrier to infection.
You probably know there are first- second- and third-degree burns, but not everyone knows how to tell the difference. It's not difficult to differentiate burns if you know what to look for. These burn pictures illustrate how a deep burn looks compared to a shallow burn.
A second-degree burn, which often looks wet or moist, affects the first and second layers of skin epidermis and dermis. Blisters may develop and pain can be severe. Burns are tissue damage that results from heat, overexposure to the sun or other radiation, or chemical or electrical contact.
When the skin comes in contact with something hot, it may be damaged, with death of cells in the skin. The severity of the injury depends on the intensity of the heat and the length of time that it is in contact with either heat or certain chemicals. Initial first aid measures include removing the hand from the source of heat and keeping it clean. Treatment focuses on preventing further problems with stiffness and infection.
A burn blister is a fluid-filled blister that may form as a result of a burn. While some people find these blisters unsightly, they can help prevent infection and other complications. People should avoid popping or damaging a burn blister.
Pain resulting from burn injuries can be challenging to treat because burns differ in their types and severity. There are three types of burns:. Dry heat such as firewet heat such as steam or hot liquidsradiation, friction, heated objects, the sun, electricity, and chemicals can cause burns.
Burns commonly occur by direct or indirect contact with heat, electric current, radiation, or chemical agents. Burns can lead to cell death, which can require hospitalization and can be fatal. Severe burns need urgent medical care.
A third-degree burn is referred to as a full thickness burn. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:. Because the epidermis and hair follicles are destroyed, new skin will not grow.
View image. A third-degree burn is the most serious kind of burn. It involves all layers of skin and may damage muscle and other tissues under the skin.