Part of being an effective instructor involves understanding how adults learn. Malcom Knowles, a pioneer in adult learning, identified the following characteristics of adult learners:. Adults have many responsibilities that they must balance against the demands of learning.
The concept of human knowledge is a human construct, and therefore, researching experience from the point of view of those who are living it following a social constructivist paradigm will likely reveal valuable information. Approaches that deal with flexible learning are referred to as online or distance learning ODL. Global Voices in Higher Education.
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Enough theorizing and mythologizing! This is the real stuff! Today's adult educators recognize that it is no longer sufficient for teachers to teach and trainers to train.
Alexander Kapp and Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy developed theories around adult education, which were later popularised by Malcolm Knowles — a theorist in adult education. For Knowles, adult learning was premised on the following characteristics:. Adults want to know why they need to learn something.
How do you tailor education to the learning needs of adults? Do they learn differently from children? How does their life experience inform their learning processes?
Adulthood is a variable concept defined by social norms and roles. This means that adulthood is a concept that can be defined differently in different geographies, cultures and times. Adulthood, which describes adult status, generally calls for independence, self-decision, and emancipation Duman,
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Adult educationdistinct from child educationis a practice in which adults engage in systematic and sustained self-educating activities in order to gain new forms of knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values. In particular, adult education reflects a specific philosophy about learning and teaching based on the assumption that adults can and want to learn, that they are able and willing to take responsibility for that learning, and that the learning itself should respond to their needs. Driven by what one needs or wants to learn, the available opportunities, and the manner in which one learns, adult learning is affected by demographics, globalization and technology.